Summary about Jenkins, Selenium and QTP automation frameworks
How to run Jenkins locally
1) go to https://jenkins.io and download Jenkins.war file
2) place the war file in a folder (e.g. C:\Jenkins\Jenkins.war )
3) then open command prompt (windows start menu > run > cmd will open command prompt )
4) in command prompt, go to folder C:\Jenkins\ ( command : “CD C:\Jenkins\” ) and then run command ” java -jar Jenkins.war ”
5) this will exract a folder name “.jenkins” into your user folder ( the path is usually “C:\users\”your login”\.jenkins”
6) copy “.jenkins” folder and paste to folder C:\Jenkins\, so that you have “C:\Jenkins\.jenkins” as the folder path.
7) Now you setup a Enviroment variable (to set up that go to Control panel > system > Advanced System settings )
8) then add Enviroment variable as “JENKINS_HOME” and value as “C:\Jenkins\.jenkins”
You all set to run Jenkins on your machine!
Open a browser and type “localhost:8080” to see Jenkins session.
Selenium supports Cross Browser Testing and parallel testing. The Selenium tests can be run on multiple browsers and multiple machines and multiple Operating systems. Selenium offers open source tools and supports test automation for web applications
Supports several scripting languages like Java, Python, C#, and PHP
Reporting are very easy and extensible, Selenium uses Browser native commands. It locates and actions applied on UI elements
TestNG quick summary:
TestNG’s is Selenium + reporting features. It is easy to generate reports using Listeners and Reporters in TestNG
Features of TestNG includes the following,
1) Annotations – please refer my annotation blog Annotation – TestNG’s test case priority
2) Supports parameterization/ data driven testing
3) Test cases can be grouped and parallel testing is allowed.
Automaton testing using Cucumber – Behavior driven development (BDD)
Application behavior is the main focus on BDD. The requirements are written in English which gives more readability and understandability of the requirement.
So any roles in the company (Tester, developer, end user, and techno functional person) can read it and understand it. Also this will reduce the complication in terms of missing requirement or misrepresenting or misunderstanding requirements between different roles (Developer /tester / end user)
Gherkin is a business readable language – refer below for an example. Below feature file is integrated with Selenium and are having user stories as below.
Please refer below – “feature, Scenario, Given, When, And, Then “are the Keywords below to understand on how to write a feature file.
What is TestRunner in Cucumber
In order to link Cucumber with Selenium WebDriver, you need to start a Java project in eclipse IDE.
Then, add both Cucumber and Selenium jar files
Write test runner code and execute the same . Please refer BDD testing details on Selenium Cucumber
Selenium jenkins integration steps are as below:
Jenkin related steps:
1) start jenkins by running command in DOS prompt (detailed steps in here )
2) then make sure you are able to access url : localhost:8080
3) then you need to configure jenkins to run the selenium scripts – for that click on “Manage Jenkins”
4) then click on Configure systems
5) Find out the jdk files are installed (usually in C:\ program files … folder path) and copy paste the path in JDK section “JDK Installations” in ” Configure systems” which you are already in.
6) Give JDK name “JAVA_HOME” and provide Java path below in the next field.
Selenium related steps:
3) Open eclipse IDE and start new Java project
4) make sure you added selenium jars (Selenium server standalone jar file which you can download add to new project) to support selenium framework for your automation testing.
5) then create a simple selenium script – make sure it is running and completing successfully in Eclipse.
6) Also create a xml file give a name “Xml1.xml” Make sure Run “Xml1.xml” as “TestNG Suite” is working fine in Eclipse. Also notedown the xml file path in selenium project. create a lib folder in that and add all jar files which are required.
7) navigate to that project folder in command prompt and set all required classpath like bin and lib etc which are already in xml file folder in selenium project which you got from selenium project in eclipse.
8) then type command “Java org.testng.testNG Xml1.xml” which will display results in command prompt/DOS screen
9) now create a batch file “Batch1.bat” which contains the above command and also a command for compiling as e.g “java -cp bin;lib/* org.testng.testNG Xml1.xml”
Jenkins setup to build and run the file:
10) in Jenkins, create a “new item” with selection of “Freestyle project”
11) then select “Advance options” and put the Selenium project home directory path in there.
12) the build trigger section, select Batch file execution option in there, then put the batch file name “Batch1.bat”
13) click and save the new item
14) click on “Build Now” and verify the “Console output”
How to configure Hub & Node machines for selenium parallel test execution
Configuring Hub machine
1) Start the command prompt/DOS prompt
2) Navigate to the folder location where the Selenium server jar file is kept.
3) Type java –jar selenium-server-standalone-[VERSION].jar –role hub
Note: [VERSION] is the one your downloaded version of selenium-server-standalone Jar file.
4) Now type: http://localhost:4444 in browser
Your will see the below screen
5) Now type: http://localhost:4444/console in browser
Configuring Node machines
Follow the same steps 1 to 2 in node machines
Java –jar selenium-server-standalone-[VERSION].jar –role node –hub http://yourHUBmachineIP:4444/grid/register
How to run selenium tests in Jenkins
To run selenium scripts in Jenkins, Jenkins needs to started.
To make Jenkins server start, please use the following command in the Jenkins folder of your machine when Jenkins.warfile is downloaded from internet…
- “java -jar jenkins.war” in DOS / command prompt mode.
- Then you need to bring the browser up and type “localhost:8080” to see jenkins web UI ready.
- Then navigate to Jenkins >> Manage Jenkins and click on “Configure system”
- Then scroll down to see the “JDK installations” section in the pag
- There you enter “JAVA_HOME” for “JDK name” field.
- Provide the Java-JDK file folder path for “JAVA_HOME” field.
Note: Java-JDK file folder path is usually “C:\Program files\Java\JDK….”
Note: Disable “Install Automatically” check box else it will update with new Java versions and your selenium program might get conflicts
Selenium script development:
- create a package and class in Eclipse
- and then create a small test script – like print some message based on UI or Browser title name etc
- you could create a TestNG project
- Then TestNG.xml file will be created in Eclipse
Note: to get the XML folder path in project home directory, you could go to Eclipse project and right click to see properties.
Note: you also need to put all the jar files required for selenium testing under the lib folder(you may need to create”lib” folder)
Just to test your TestNG scripts are working, you can navigate to Project home directly (XML located) through DOS/Command prompt and then type as below:
Note: before that you need to set class path as bin directory of Project home folder. Command : “set classpath=C:\Selenium\project\bin;” as an example for binary file
Note1: similarly lib files, Command : “set classpath=C:\Selenium\project\lib\*” as an example
or command: set classpath=C:\Selenium\project\bin;C:\Selenium\project\lib\*;
Then execute testng.xml file through command prompt
command : java org.testng.TestNG testng.xml
Batch file creation for Jenkin execution
Create a batch file using notepad – steps
- Type the below contents in Notepad without quotes.
‘ java -cp bi;lib/* org.testng.TestNG testng.xml ‘
2) save the notepad as “runSelenium.bat” which will create a bat file. Place it in project home directory.
Jenkins job creation:
- Open Jenkins, then click on “New item”
- Enter item name as “JenkinSeleniumTest”
- Select “Freestyle project” , click Ok
- Then click on “Advance” button under the “Advance projects options”
- Then select “Use custom workspace”, then give the project home directory path in “Directory” field.
- Then “Add build setup” under “Build” and select “Execute Windows batch Command”
- Then type “runSelenium.bat” in the command field, click apply and save it.
- Then in the “JenkinSeleniumTest”, then click on “Build Now” which will call the batch file and then Selenium script internally.
- Verify the “Console output” in “JenkinSeleniumTest” which will show the Selenium execution results.
How to send email at every build with Jenkins
Jenkins default configuration setting allows to send email notification for build failure, someone breaks the build etc.
- To send email for every build Install Email-ext plugin.
- Once it is installed, click on Configure System
- Then in “Jenkins Location” section & “Extended E-mail Notification” – enter your email ids
- In “E-mail Notification” section, enter the SMTP server name to “SMTP server”
- Click “Advanced”, Click “Use SMTP Authentication” to enter required information
- verify “Test configuration by sending test e-mail”
- Configure a project to send email at every build
- Click “Add post-build action” and then Click “Editable Email Notification”
- Go to “Advanced Settings” to “Add Trigger”
- then Click “Always” , Save
Qtp script to close all open browsers ..
‘To ceclare Variables
Dim objDes, objList, objIndex
‘To Create Object Description for all opened browsers opened.
‘To get all the opened browsers objects from Desktop
‘Indexing always starts from “0”
For objIndex=0 to objList.count-1
‘To cverify the name of the browser is “HP Application Lifecycle Management”
If lcase(objList(objIndex).GetROproperty(“name”))<>”HP Application Lifecycle Management” then
‘Close the Browser
Jenkins reset user password :
First stop the Jenkins service if you are already running jenkins
Go to the folder where jenkin’s config.xml file is stored (generally C:\jenkins\.jenkins\config.xml)
Open config.xml file using notepad++ or any text editor
Search for <useSecurity>true</useSecurity> and change that to <useSecurity>false</useSecurity>, Save the file.
re-start Jenkins service (using Java -jar jenkins.war in commandline)
You should not be seeing login prompt but directly accessing Jenkins home page when you type localhost:8080 in browser.
QTP integration with Jenkins
Create a “.vbs” file as below and save the file as “AOM.vbs” in C:\QTP\VBS folder.
In Jenkins create Job, Select ‘Execute Windows Batch Command’ in Build Step. Enter below command.
and then use that in Jenkins.
Note: To learn how to create a Jenkins job or how to start Jenkins – please refer create a Jenkins job and Run Jenkins locally in my site.
Below code is the “AOM.vbs” which is called by Jenkins Job.
Public function QTP()
‘Create Quick test pro(QTP/UFT) object
Set objQTP = CreateObject(“QuickTest.Application”)
objQTP.Visible = True
‘to open QTP Test
objQTP.Open “Test file path “, True
Set objResults= CreateObject(“QuickTest.RunResultsOptions”)
objResults.ResultsLocation = “Result path of qtp” ‘Set the results location
‘to run qtp script results
‘to close QTP