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Quick summary of QTP

QTP Quick summary:

Automation Frameworks

  1. Record and Playback.(Records application flow using QTP and playback)
  2. Data driven. (Data controls the automation flow thru a spreadsheet/datatable)
  3. Keyword driven. (Functions are mapped to Keywords)
  4. Hybrid approach (Combination of Keyword and data driven)
  5. Business process testing(BPT)
  6. Functional Decomposition

Types of QTP Licenses

  1. Seat
  2. Concurrent

How to record/playback

  1. Open QTP/UFT
  2. Click on File > New Test
  3. Click on the ‘Record’ button
  4. Perform actions on the application under test
  5. Click ‘Stop’ at the end of Recording session

Types of QTP/UFT Add-ins

  1. Activex Controls
  2. Web
  3. Visual Basic
  4. Java Add-in 8.2
  5. Terminal Emulator for mainframe
  6. .NET
  7. Oracle
  8. SAP Solutions
  9. PeopleSoft
  10. Siebel
  11. Web Services
  12. Etc

What is Record and Run Settings

  1. Record and Run Settings window will be triggered right after the recording started for a new Test or an existing test.
  2. user can see tabs based on the loaded Add-in
  3. user can provide Application under test input criteria (like url, application path etc)

What are the various Recording Modes

There are 3 recording modes available

  • Standard Recording: this is used for normal recording to capture user operations on the application.
  • Analog Recording: this will record the exact mouse and keyboard operations.
  • Low level Recording: this will record the mouse movements with respect to the coordinates on the AUT (application under test) Window.

What is Expert View

  • Shows the every user actions done on the  application in the form of codes.

Active Screen view

  • Every code generated after recording will show corresponding application screen on Active screen window. This will help tracking the code vs application objects.

Actions in QTP:

It’s the recorded set of codes which are logically meaningful to the application flow. E.g Customer creation flow.

Types of actions in QTP:

  • Non-reusable Action – action that can be called only in the test where it is stored, and can be used only once.
  • Reusable Action – action that can be called from any QTP/UFT test
  • External Action – reusable action stored with another QTP/UFT test. External actions are read-only.

Object Repository in QTP/UFT:

  • QTP stores the recorded object details in a specific location in the tool named the ‘Object Repository’
  • Browser – page – Objects are stored in a hierarchal manner.
  • Every object will have some listed set of methods as e.g button can perform Click using QTP codes.